Natural Ingredients

You may be wondering what exactly are the natural ingredients in the aloe vera plant that is so healing and healthful to us.

The Short List of Natural Ingredients

aloe vera leaf held by a hand

20 minerals
12 vitamins
18 amino acids
200 active plant compounds (phytonutrients), including:
   Triterpenes (a phytonutrient that lowers blood sugar)
   Glyconutrients and glycoproteins
Polysaccharides, including:
   Acemannan, mannose-6-phosphate polymannans
Phenolic glycosides, including Dihydrocoumarins

Physical & Chemical Ingredients

The aloe plant, is not a cactus plant as my Dad thought, but an African plant from the lily family, and a succulent. That means it attracts and holds moisture well. It, is between 99 and 99.5 per cent water, with an average pH of 4.5. The remaining solids have over 75 different ingredients including vitamins, minerals, enzymes, sugars, anthraquinones or phenolic compounds, lignin, saponins, sterols, amino acids and salicylic acid. - Want to look at them a little closer?


The aloe plants have lots of vitamins, all except vitamin D, (sorry, I do not know why!) It does have the important antioxidant vitamins A, C and F. Vitamins B (thiamine), niacin, vitamin B2 (riboflavin), choline and folic acid are all in there too. Some researchers think there may also be a trace of vitamin B12 in the natural ingredients.


Enzymes are catalysts. The ones said to be present in aloe vera, such as amylase and lipase, can aid digestion by breaking down fats and sugars. One important enzyme, a carboxy-peptidase, inactivates bradykinins and produces an anti-inflammatory effect.


Sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, manganese, copper, zinc, chromium and iron are all ingredients found in the aloe plant. Magnesium lactate inhibits histidine decarboxylase and prevents the formation of histamine from the amino acid, histadine. Histamine is released in many allergic reactions and causes intense itching and pain. The prevention of its formation may explain the antipuritic effect of aloe vera. - in other words, it eases itching. Hallelujah!


Sugars are found in the mucilage layer of the plant under the rind, surrounding the inner parenchyma or gel. They make up 25 per cent of the solid gel matter and comprise both mono- and polysaccharides. The most important chemicals are the long chain polysaccharides, made of glucose and mannose, known as the gluco-mannans. When taken orally, some of these bind to receptor sites that line the gut and form a barrier, possibly helping to prevent a€leaky gut syndrome. Others are ingested whole by cellular absorption known as pinocytosis. Unlike other sugars which are broken down prior to absorption, the polysaccharides are absorbed complete and appear in the blood stream unchanged. Here, they act as immuno-modulators capable of enhancing and/or holding back the immune response.


an aloe vera in my office, which is thriving and having offsets

I confess, I don't know what exactly these are, but there are people who have dug into this, and they sound believable. They say there are phenolic compounds found in the sap. The bitter aloes consist of free anthraquinones and their derivatives: with names like this; Barbaloin-lO- (1151 - anhydroglucosyl) aloe-emodin-9-anthrone, lsobarbaloin, Anthrone-C-glycosides and chromones. (Hmm... can those be natural ingredients?)

In plain English, when you have lots of these compounds they will purge your gut. In smaller amounts they will help your digestive system to absorb your food better. They also have power to fight microbes, and can ease pain. Applied on the surface they help you absorb ultra violet light, and hold back tyronase activity, and reduce the formation of spots on your skin.


That's an inert woody matter that gives aloe gel the ability to carry other active natural ingredients right through and deep into your skin to nourish it.


About 3 per cent of the gel consists of these soapy materials that act as antiseptics.

Plant Sterols

These have names like Campesterol, f3 Sitosterol and Lupeol. Okay, they are anti-inflammatory agents.

Sallcylic acid

You may recognize this as the basis of aspirin, which fights inflammations and bacteria. On the surface of your wound, it will take away the dead tissue.

Amino acids

Proteins are built of Amino acids. Aloe vera gel has 20 of the 22 necessary amino acids required by the human body and seven of the eight essential amino acids which the body cannot synthesise. These must be ingested in food.

My conclusion is that this is definitely a plant that God has filled wtih good things for our health. It is so easy to grow and care for some aloe vera plants as house plants that I think everyone should try to have at least one or more in their home. Have you got one? If not ask around, someone in your circle of acquaintance can probably give you your first starter aloe plant.

Once you have one, there is no reason you can't propagate, or start more plants from the first one. I would even recommend growing them large - but then I may be an odd character!

Main Areas: Home v God's Pharmacy Blog v Benefits of Aloe Vera
Eat Your Aloe Vera v Aloe Capsules v Side Effects
Healed by Aloe Vera v Plant Care v Jethro Kloss
Definitions v Herbal Remedies v Herbal Teas
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More & Deeper

Aloe Vera Tips & Solutions - my monthly newsletter/ezine, which keeps you informed of new things on this site, and brings out a tip or solution to some problem you may be encountering. Subscribe today!

Aloe Vera Plants by Mail - First results of my experiment to see what's involved in sending aloe vera plants by mail, showing photos of the one that went the farthest and is the healthiest. Includes eight photos.

Aloe Vera Questions - and Answers - taken from real questions to me on this site.

Wondering what happens when you eat aloe vera? Take my 6-part e-course to find out. My treat!

Where to find LARGE aloe vera plants to buy - a question I'm asked a lot!

Clean 9 - is a nine day program that uses only natural means to manage weight loss and does a gentle colon cleanse, and even detoxes your whole body, while building up strength and energy, all at the same time. It is produced by Forever Living. I'd like to share my experience with it.">

ALVEDAMA - Aloe Vera da Medeira - how the Cowens grow and sell their aloe vera on the island of Madeira, just off the coast of Portugal.

Aloe Vera Hair Tonic, Balsam and Gel - Peter Cowen of Calhoune, on the island of Madeira, shares a wonderful testimonial to their Aloe Vera Hair Tonic, Balsam and Gel products.

Answering the question; what to do when my Aloe vera plant flopped over - it leans over to the side and had babies."

Aloe Vera, the Burn Plant - and how I proved it for myself with a second degree burn on my left hand on Easter Sunday. (A photo story).

Aloe Vera Aids Burn Treatment, Wound Healing And Scars - a guest article to explain some of the technical aspects of how this happens.

Freezing Aloe Vera - I've tried freezing the aloe vera gel, hoping to use it later, but that seems to kill the good stuff in it, as I found it looked too yukky when I tried to defrost it to use, however I discuss the pros and cons on this page.

Eating My Aloe Vera - just now I'm eating a large plant that is falling over in a hurry, but also thinking about help for those can't get access to such plants easily.

Back to Eden and Herbal Books Bookstore

Bacterial Vaginosis - and other vaginal irritations can be cured naturally for once and for all.

Plantain - thank God - it's so handy! - A review of the things I've learned about plantain and the many ways to use it as a healing remedy.

Calendula, Marigold - My discoveries and experiences with calendula and how to make an ointment from this herb.

Mint - the Refreshing and Soothing Herb - Mint is one of my most favourite herbs, especially for a refreshing tea that soothes away gas and pain and rattled nerves.

Comfrey - to Close up Your Wounds - Comfrey is the plant that can knit or close up your wounds and put you back together. Comfrey has an excellent effect on inward bruises and pains. A poultice of the fresh leaves is excellent for gangrenous sours, gangrene, mortifications, and moist ulcers.

Herbal Teas - Simple instructions for how to prepare herbal teas, and for different quanties, with links to many old recipes.

Specific Benefits of the Herbs in the Herbal Teas - A quick summary page of herbal benefits to check when deciding which herbal tea blend to make, and want to know what each herb may do for you.

Natural Arthritis Remedies - Natural arthritis remedies and suggestions for a cleanse of the toxins and poisons which cause that intense pain - which could cure you of all arthritis pain.

Odd Cure for Bad Breath - Bad breath can be prevented, perhaps even cured by drinking tea, plus a few other odd cures.

Teas for Colds and Flu Remedies - Recipes for infusions or herbal teas for colds and flu remedies.

Teas to Aid in Good Digestion - Recipes for herbal teas that will help to digest one's food better.

Herbal Teas for Energy and Memory - Recipes for herbal teas for energy and memory to give new vitality and improve your memory skills.

Teas for Relaxing, to Give You Rest - Recipes for herbal teas for relaxing, infusions that will make it easier for you to rest.

Herbal Teas that Heal - Recipes for herbal teas that are able to heal or improve symptoms of more specific health problems.

Teas That Heal - Brewing Recipes - More teas that heal - brewing recipes that have a similar brewing method..

Herbal Tea Remedy e-Book - ready to download

- Holistic Therapies for Animals - see what Dena Schwartz has found to work with animals as well as people.

Key Aloe Product Sources:
Forever Living AoK Puritan's Pride AoK Organic Ease, Inc.




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Answers & Solutions

Aloe - Your Miracle Doctor book, covers aloe vera for sunburn! among many other things.

Nature's Easy Detox!